2008.1–2 Report on Apartheid-Nonviolence 101*
U.S.–Mexico–Israel–Palestine Apartheid Border Walls (See also Previous Reports Below)_ Border Apartheid Wall Boycott, Protest, Demographics, Environment_ Border Apartheid Wall Body-Politic Corporate Trends or Patterns_ Border Apartheid Wall Arms, Drugs, Oil, and “Cheap” Labor Business_ Cesar Chavez ~ Long Walks vs Land Grabs (2008 & 1978)_ Israeli–USA–Mexico–Palestine Apartheid Walls Historical Background Notes Cf Websites Online re Grad/UnderGrad Text or Manual on Nonviolence in Apartheid ViolenceTools, Writers, Syllabi http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/search.htm; http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/ Updated Monthly => http://home.comcast.net/~apartheid101/search.htm; http://home.comcast.net/~apartheid101/ For Research, See “Nonviolence” by Keyword–Holdings in Major Planetary Libraries. http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/nv_holdings.htm As well as NV 101 in Context: Text Background and PhD-MA Dissertations-Theses http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/nv_texts.htm and http://home.comcast.net/~nonviolence101/phd-ma.htm. _
Border Apartheid Wall Boycott, Protest, Demographics, Environment; Nonviolent resistance opposes Mexico–USA Apartheid Border (prison-like) Wall, through such local groups as Farm Bureaus, Farm Workers, the Texas Historical Commission, Texan-Mexican Border Networks & Coalitions, and Texas Southernmost University affiliated-organizations. Local Texas residents oppose a proposed U.S.–Mexico Border Apartheid Wall, ranging from judges to landowners — for instance, Juan D. Salinas, a judge and chief administrator of the local Hidalgo County, TX, government, believes his community opposes the wall on cultural, economic, and environmental levels, stating that “The Farm Bureau, the United Farm Workers, Democrats and Republicans, white, black, brown, everybody is against the border fence.” Eloisa García Tamez, landowner, and an elder of the Lipan Apache, likewise opposes the wall as the director and a professor of the nursing department at the University of Texas at Brownsville & Texas Southmost College. Lipan, Chiricahua, San Carlos, and San Pedro Apache (Tohono O’odham), count as casualties the consequent vandalism of burial sites, and, so far, two of their own killed over issues surrounding this proposed wall; (shot, run-over). Nonviolent mass action or hunger striking appear to be potential options, as yet to be tried on local-global levels as exemplified in U.S. grape boycotts or Mexican teacher strikes. Tamez observes that “terrorism” arguments justifying that wall may destroy her home and land, but will leave a nearby golf course & resort with no such wall. The Tamez family, one of the last of the Spanish land grant heirs in Cameron County TX, dating back 3 or 4 centuries, once owned 12,000 acres along the border. Without payment, a 1930s U.S. government declared “eminent domain” to seize over half her family’s land for flood levees. Similarly 21st Century “Homeland Security” wishes to ram an 18-foot steel and concrete wall over what’s left, over her home — stopping at the edge of a River Bend Resort & Golf Course, (developed in 1983). Daniel Garza, 76, a neighbor of Tamez, also knows where the proposed 18-foot+ high border wall may end abruptly, at the Hunt Oil Family Ranch property line, (close financial friends of both U.S. Bush Presidents), after demolishing his home and that of his son. See Brenda Norrell, “Apaches Rise to Defend Homelands from “Homeland Security”,”8 Jan 2008; http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2007/11/indigenous-peoples-vow-to-bring-down.html; “Margo Tamez: Lipan Apache Issue a Call for Help + Update,” http://www.unobserver.com/index.php?pagina=layout4.php&id=4240&blz=1; �€ œTexas Residents Resist Border Wall,” http://www.ww4report.com/node/4789; and http://www.borderaction.org/web/index.php. Nevertheless, significantly large quantities of arms, drugs, and people crossing the Mexico–USA border may instead concern transport by air, water, or railroad, and corrupt border officials, not “illegal” walking or bus-riding economic-refugees. Train boxcars carry undocumented floods of people fleeing recurrent Mexican drought and economic crises, despite serious travel threats of suffocation, hyperthermia, or heat stroke inside boxcars — depending on desert seasons — from over 100 degrees F. by day to freezing at night. Boxcar use has ranged from temporary worker homes, historically, to shipping drugs, people, and weapons back-and-forth by both drug dealers and U.S. border agents. Mexican officials call the bord er a third country, or tercer país, given such extremes; While, (as learned through personal travel), Mexican people knowledgeable about border conditions may call it el via al hambre, or the death-by-hunger road. See “Closely Observed Trains,” Economist 335/7919 (17 June 1995), 31; Lourdes Gouveia , “Latinos in Rural America and U.S. Agriculture: From Pioneers to New Arrivals,” Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies 1/4 (Fall 2005); and http://www.reliefweb.int/idp/docs/references/2005%20docs/IDPNoRefugePublication.pdf. The University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College (UTB–TSC) filed a resolution opposing the US Department of “Homeland Security” 700-mile long border wall, because such a wall will splinter communities on both sides of the Rio Grande. “Homeland Security” wall plans initially cut directly through the university, discarding its International Technology, Education, and Commerce Campus on the Mexican wall side. “Homeland Security” then amended its wall plans to “allow” that campus to stay inside the USA, but still “puts” the University’s golf course in Mexico. Aft er “9-11” UTB–TSC language institute enrollments plunged to 300 in 2002 from 1,400; And, even though 12% of the University of Texas at El Paso student body with a Mexican residence have in-state Texas Legislature tuition allowances, “Homeland Security” also severed them by a chain-link fence. Together, Border and Mexico universities have countered with a lengthy report on expected environmental degradation and contamination projected from such an apartheid wall as well. See Katherine Mangan, “Texas Colleges Argue That a Border Fence Would Divide a Community,” Chronicle of Higher Educatio n 54/15 (7 Dec 2007), A24, and “Wall of Confusion; The Latest on that Controversial Border Fence,” Texas Monthly (Austin) 35/ 3 (Mar 2007), 1; and Ana Cordova & Carlos de la Parra, A Barrier to our Shared Environment; The Border Fence between the United States and Mexico (Federal Government of Mexico/UNAM, 2007), http://www.ine.gob.mx/publicaciones/consultaPublicacion.html?id_pub=519; or http://www.ine.gob.mx/publicaciones/descarga.html?cv_pub=519&tipo_file=pdf&filename=519. _ Border Apartheid Wall Body-Politic Corporate Trends or Patterns On technical, demographical grounds — Given past wall scenario failures, recent U.S. CRS & GAO studies suggest that constructing such border walls may not, as alleged, end illegal drug, weapons, and people trafficking; However the wall could frame apartheid-like “cheap” walled-city labor parameter schemes. U.S. CRS & GAO 2008 studies do note that tax-funded, physical or infrastructural building outlay estimates range wildly, from $3.1 to $21 million USD/mile; (Excluding double-wall sections, ongoing use rates, or maintenance cost expenditures). Resulting apartheid border wall construction diagram graphics ressemble Israeli- Palestine Apartheid Walls, already-built. The U.S. Oil-Regime Era Mexico–USA Apartheid Wall, if unchecked, could demarcate city walls for bantustan-like labor pools or corrals, in sum approximately the size of Manhattan — between Washington, D.C. and Mexico City, (demographically the world’s largest city). Such a walled city may stem from Dallas TX Hunt family utilities plans undergirding both a residential “Sharyland Plantation” core (6,000 acres), and an industrial interface, its “Grupo Rio San Juan” (16,000 acres). Overall Mexican (CFE) & Texan (ERCOT) power utilities could amalgamate demographic resources of Northeast Mexico, via, for instance, from Ma tamoros & Monterrey to Rio Escondido, up into Southwest Texas, encompassing Laredo to Brownsville, (approximately about 10-15% of Mexican and 5-10% of Texan shared border surface area, in square miles or square kilometers.) For Elbit and U.S. Control Data Inc. (Rockefeller Venture Capital), see Sheila Ryan, “US Military Contractors in Israel,” Journal of Palestine Studies 2/1 (Autumn 1972), 70-85. See also http://www.secinfo.com/d14D5a.v19V7.htm; http://www.house.gov/ryan/In_depth_issues/CRS/RL33659.pdf; http://www.bestwhite.com/files/97_brochure.pdf; http://www.riosanjuan.com.mx/p_villa.html; http://www.rrc.state.tx.us/commissioners/carrillo/mexico/2006/PAUL_SCHULZE.pdf; http://www.gulfcoastpower.org/default/5-05meeting-Goodlet-austin.pdf; http://www.ilw.com/immigdaily/news/2007,0321-crs.pdf; http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d08131t.pdf; http://www.aep.com/about/codeofconduct/OASIS/AEPTransmission/TransmissionPlanning/AEP-ERCOT/Valley_Area_Study-12-04-02.pdf; http://www.pserc.org/cgi-pserc/getbig/publicatio/specialepr/gridreliab/ercot2004reportonconstraintsandneeds10012004.pdf; http://www.aep.com/about/codeofconduct/OASIS/AEPTransmission/TransmissionPlanning/AEP-ERCOT/Valley_Area_Study-12-04-02.pdf. A Manhattan-sized “Homeland Security” Business-Housing Project would partition USA-Mexico with an Apartheid-(Berlin-Israeli-Style)-Wall; A wall supported by militarization of relevant prisons, and scorched-earth home demolitions; ($50 Billion projected seed-money costs, but likely more, in lives & money, given Israeli-Palestinian Apartheid Wall experience). On political-economic levels — Haifa-based Elbit-Kollsman & Chicago-based Boeing, with L-3/Raytheon–SkyWatch–E-Systems subcontractors, steer such “Homeland Security” policy, claiming exclusive expertise. Before the end of 2008, “Homeland Security” wants to build 370 miles of prison-like walls, with at least 70 miles of denser, thicker, double walls. Comparatively speaking, a wall like that carving-up Palestine would intersect â �œvirtual” watchtowers, and satellite-interface “free”-fire & landmine zones — in the most densely-populated Rio Grande Valley human resource areas. Raytheon itself literally means something like godlike death ray weapons; See http://www.raytheon.com/feature/stellent/groups/public/documents/content/cms04_021043.pdf, Bill Weinberg, “Israeli Firm gets Mexico Border Wall Contract,” 8 Nov 2006, http://www.ww4report.com/node/2743; http://bsnorrell.blogspot.com/2007/09/anothe r-israeli-company-providing-us.html; http://what-ails-you.com/index.php?id=M200801; http://www.elbitsystems.com/data/ESLT_Kollsman_Boeing_SBI_Project.pdf; http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull&cid=1157913683759; http://www.l-3com.com/supportfiles/501073.pdf; http://www.sharyland.com/grove.aspx; http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=14552; http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=14908; http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?list=type&type=13; “Attorney says “Homeland Security” must Reconsider,” Austin Statesman,,http://www.statesman.com/news/content/news/stories/local/01/08/0108fence.html. Brenda Norrell, “UN Observer & International Report,” http://www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com/ (UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Adopted by the General Assembly) 13 Sept 2007, http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/declaration.html and http://www.centerforhumanrights.org/ . _ Border Apartheid Wall Arms, Drugs, Oil, and “Cheap” Labor Business; Financial players “represented” by “Homeland Security” may include, as noted above, the Hunt Family-Sharyland Plantation, (Ray L. Hunt), and those corporations producing enabling technology — especially military management and prison control systems, through Boeing/SBInet, Kollsman/Elbit, and/or L-3/Raytheon. One could say that the USA Oil–War Cartels, represented by government and private backers, plan to erect a wall for guaranteeing “cheap”-relatively-educated labor, as in Palestine, but, in this case, to justify such warfare due to alleged terrorism from other, mostly Mexican drug, cartels, from Tijuana–San Diego to Juarez (Arizona & New Mexico) and the Gulf of Mexico. One private Texan cartel “backer” Ray L. Hunt, Hunt Oil scion, with alleged Iran -Contra taproots, symbolizes Halliburton’s Board of Directors, and may well be a major “backer” profiting from Iraq-Iran USA–Gulf oil wars over the last three decades or so. Hunt likewise gifted $35 million to cover GWB Presidential Library costs at the Southern Methodist University of Texas, in addition to land for the Anzalduas International Bridge interconnecting “his” planned future Manhattan-size project. Hunt Oil’s hometown, Dallas, TX, also claims the world’s highest, most complex metro highway interchange — the Dallas High Five. See Nick Snow, “Lawmakers (Waxman, Kucinich) Seek Data on Hun t Oil’s [Israeli–Kurdish Oil in] Iraq,” The Oil and Gas Journal 105/40 (22 Oct 2007): 30; http://www.huntrealty.com/investments.asp; as well as Israeli-Kurdistan Oil War profiteering claims, , http://www.newsweek.com/id/41737; http://www.motherjones.com/commentary/tomdispatch/2007/10/endgame-for-iraqi-oil.html; and www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL34215.pdf; or http://www.fas.org/irp/threat/1998-GLOBAL.pdf; http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2007/10/ray-l-hunt-catalyst-for-cataclysm.html; & http://tvnewslies.org/tvnl/index.php/news/domestic-usa/10-domestic/208-sheriffs-protest-fed-drug-war-fund-cuts; See also “Margo Tamez: Lipan Apache Issue a Call for Help,” http://www.unobserver.com/index.php?pagina=layout4.php&id=4240&blz=1; “Texas Residents Resist Border Wall,” http://www.ww4report.com/node/4789; Brenda Norrell, “Apaches Rise,” 10 Jan2008, http://americas.irc-online.org/am/4884; http://www.americaspolicy.org/; http://www.bsnorrell.blogspot.com/; http://indigenousbordersummitamericas2007.blogspot.com/; & http://indigenasinfronteras.org/news-and-events/; and Melissa del Bosque, “Holes in the Wall, … Why the Border Wall is Bypassing the Wealthy and Politically-connected,” 22 Feb 2008, http://www.texasobserver.org/article.php?aid=2688. For metro Dallas High Five, see http://www.aaroads.com/blog/?p=70 & ftp://ftp.wsdot.wa.gov/public/Bridge/WBES2007/assets/tuesday/7B/William_Neely_7B.pdf. In the 1990s the U.S. FBI released limited information about 50 alleged convictions of border or law enforcement officials smuggling massive amounts of hard drugs — including three INS border agents who took million-dollar+ bribes to “wave” 20 tons of cocaine through Nogales, AZ, which corresponded to $1.6 billion in street drug profits. As such, Tucson AZ FBI Chief Steve McCraw described border corruption as “a national disgrace;” In turn, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Chief, Thomas Constantine, caustically retorted that Mexican cartels corrupt U.S. police agencies systematically. In effect California Southern, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas Western, and Texas Southern federal judicial circuit court districts account for about one-third of all federal criminal suit filings, but only 5 of the 89 (or 6% of) such U.S. district courts, nationwide. On the other hand, regulating guns and sustainable economic development, along with residentially-based substance abuse programs, (for all cross-border economic income levels), might better stem violence escalating in the wake of “9-11” world policy-making than more prison or apartheid walls. See, respectively, Dan McGraw, “The Corrupting Allure of Dirty Drug Money,” U.S. News & World Report 126/9 (8 Mr 8 1999), 28; “Blood Money on the Border,” New American 21/13 (27 Jun 2005), 6; Gabriela Gallegos, “Border Matters: Redefining the National Interest in U.S.-Mexico Immigration and Trade Policy,” California Law Review 92/6 (Dec 2004), 1749; and George Anderson, “Mexico’s Drug Violence,” America 197/18 (3 D ec 2007), 22. See also Zoe Hammer-Tomizuka, Criminal Alienation: Prison Expansion, White Supremacy, and Neoliberal Capital on the Arizona/Sonora Border (Tuczon AZ: University of Arizona, 2004); as well as http://osdir.com/ml/culture.discuss.cia-drugs/2005-11/msg00203.html and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raytheon. Elbit (Kollsman Inc.–U.S. Control Data) Systems produces leading Border & Battlefield Management Systems hardware & software, like its Long Range Reconnaissance-Observation System (LORROS), or its Advanced Turnkey-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems (or UAV’s), demonstrated during Lebanon, Palestine, and Gulf- Iraq bombing. Elbit, founded by Uzia Galil, (via Elron & Control Data), is Israel’s largest private military corporation. See Bill Weinberg, “Israeli Firm gets Mexico Border Wall Contract,” 8 Nov 2006, http://www.ww4report.com/node/2743; http://what-ails-you.com/index.php?id=M200801; http://www.elbitsystems.com/data/ESLT_Kollsman_Boeing_SBI_Project.pdf; Elbit is known for its “Battlefield Management Systems; (C4I)” See also http://www.birdf.com/_Uploads/165BIRD30v18-web.pdf; and Elbit-Kollsman SEC record, e.g., http://sec.edgar-online.com/2004/06/14/0000910680-04-000611/Section5.asp; http://google.brand.edgar-online.com/EFX_dll/EDGARpro.dll?FetchFilingHTML1?SessionID=P15OW0RaIQA0p9d&ID=5246268; and http://bnarchives.yorku.ca/8/02/20020901bn_gpe_of_israel.pdf. Representative Product Trends of Elbit (including Boston “9-11” Airport Security?)o Reach over 400 privatized U.S. prisons, Buckingham Palace, Chicago O’Hare Airport; Emily Benedek, “Antiterror, Inc.” Newsweek; http://www.mafhoum.com/press2/71T41.htm; http://www.mafhoum.com/press2/71T41.htm; & http://kavkazcenter.com/eng/content/2007/09/26/8910.shtml. o Direct cyber-weaponized-fighter jets and laser-guided bombs for rogue governments like the Myanmar Junta; http://www.innworldreport.net/archives/fromthestudio/index.html & http://peoplesgeography.com/2007/10/01/israeli-arming-of-burma-myanmar-junta/.o Triangulate espionage drones, planes, and satellites over the Koreas, Iraq, Afghanistan, and so forth; http://forums.digitalmedianet.com/cgi-bin/displaywwugpost.fcgi?forum=dmn_news&post=071117103308.htm; http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2007/03/20/news/nation/15_20_143_19_07.txt; & http://www.globes.co.il/serveen/globes/docview.asp?did=1000185131&fid=942; ando NATO Battlefield Management Systems “Vision” — http://www.el-op.com/category/Organization_chart. _ Cesar Chavez ~ Long Walks vs Land Grabs (2008 & 1978) “We live in the midst of people who hate and fear us. They have worked hard to keep us in our place.... But we do not have to make ourselves small by hating and fearing them in return. There is enough love and good will in our movement to give energy to our struggle and still have plenty left over to break down and change the climate of hate and fear around us. (p 74, see below)…. Nonviolence has one big demand, the need to be creative, and the ideas come from the people. . . . If someone commits violence against us, it is much better — if we can — not to react against the violence, but to react in such a way as to get closer to our goal.... To us the boycott of grapes was [is] the most near-perfect of nonviolent struggles, because nonviolence also requires mass involvement; ... [It] demo nstrated to the whole country, the whole world, what people can do by nonviolent action. (p 65) … Once people understand the strength of nonviolence — the force it generates, the love it creates, the response that it brings from the total community — they will not be willing to abandon it easily.” (p 81) See Mario T. Garcia, Gospel of Cesar Chavez (NY: Sheed & Ward, 2007), pp 74, 65, and 81.Long Walk One, 1978, honoring “Mother Earth” despite weapons of mass war and industrial destruction, covered the USA and Japan, lengthwise, from Alcatraz & Tokyo to Washington, DC, & Hiroshima–Nagasaki. Long Walk Two is traversing the USA, again, thirty years later. In early Feb. 2008, about 80 walkers thus left Alcatraz for a 3,600-mile walk to Washington, D.C., arriving again possibly by early August. (Experienced personally in 1978 in south-central Japan, with Long Walkers walking from Tokyo to Hiro shima & Nagasaki.) See “American Indian Walkers Trek across America” Alcatraz to Washington, DC; http://www.earthcycles.net/; http://www.nevadaappeal.com/article/20080219/NEWS/640026653; http://news.rgj.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080219/NEWS15/802190352/1016/NEWS; See also U.S.-Iraqi Veterans against the War, http://www.ivaw.org/node/230, http://www.ivaw.org/node/1007. _ Israeli–USA–Mexico–Palestine Apartheid Walls Historical Background Notes Apartheid Wall Corporate Boycott Articles-Lists Noting Elbit–Boeing (U.S.–Israel) http://www.interfaithpeaceinitiative.com/ProfitingFromOccupation.htm; http://stopthewall.org/worldwideactivism/1338.shtml; http://electronicintifada.net/v2/article6027.shtml; http://www.indymedia.ie/article/77829; http://dimens/ ion.ucsd.edu/CEIMSA-IN-EXILE/archives/bull-340.html; and http://neconference.brickriver.com/files/oFiles_Library_XZXLCZ/NEUMC_Divestment_Report_-FINAL_060407-img_PM2YX4SR.pdf. “U. N. Security Council Mandatory Arms Embargo on Apartheid South Africa” notes Elbit, et al; Nov 1977: Elbit specified as to tritium and electronic space-border-military deals. See http://www.pacbi.org/boycott_news_more.php?id=A455_0_1_0_M; and http://www.ameu.org/printer.asp?iid=271&aid=584; “Hypocrisy is Hypocrisy,” Ha’aretz, 9 Nov 1977, cited in Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi, “The Israeli Connection: Who Israel Arms and Why,” (http://books.google.com/books?id=7v-g21ksdVsC&pg=PR3&ots=VZ5wo4QvQR&dq=The+Israeli+Connection:+Who+Israel+Arms+and+Why&sig=_IybyF3re27nAGbjVk_pyOHOIB0, or http://books.google.com/books?id=_edpSrtACq0C&pg=PP1&ots=gVgU2cYMzm&dq=Israeli+Foreign+Policy:+South+Africa+and+Central+America&sig=aweGcbEdYodZLPRq4vw7DPCxLO4#PPA1,M1; or book form, Boston: South End, 1987), 117-118. Stanford Univeristy I–&–P Apartheid Wall Notation (Israel-&-Palestine), ogovercedars, 31 Jan 2007; http://daily.stanford.edu/comments/2007/1/31/opedFreedomAndRightToProtestNoNationShouldBeImmuneFromCriticism; “Most of the barrier (over 95% of total length) consists of a “multi-layered fence system” ideally 50 m in width. The IDF’s preferred design has three fences, with pyramid-shaped stacks of barbed wire for the two outer fences and a lighter-weight fence with intrusion detection equipment (controlled by a command and control s ystem built by Elbit) in the middle. Patrol roads are provided on both sides of the middle fence, an anti-vehicle ditch is provided on the West Bank side of the fence, and a smooth [‘trace’] dirt strip on the Israeli side for ‘intrusion tracking’ is provided. Some sections (less than 5% of total length) are constructed as a wall made up of concrete slabs up to 8 m in height and 3 m in width. Occasionally, due to topographic conditions other sections of the barrier will reach up to 100 m in width. Wall construction (5%) is more common in urban settings, such as areas near Qalqilyah and Jerusalem, because it is narrower, requires less land, and provides more protection against snipers. In all cases there are regular observation posts, automated sensing devices and other [militarization] apparatus.” See also Joe Stork, Martha Wenger, “US Aid to Israel: The Censored GAO Report,” MERIP 144 (Jan-Feb 1987), 17-22; Jane Hunter, “Israel, South Africa and the Bomb,” MERIP 143 (Nov 1986), 13; Jane Hunter, “Israel and the Bantustans,” Journal of Palestine Studies 15/3 (Spring 1986), 53-89; and Lewis Young, “American Blacks & the Arab-Israeli Conflict,” Journal of Palestine Studies (Winter 1982), 113 ff.
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Censored News is published by censored journalist Brenda Norrell. A journalist for 27 years, Brenda lived on the Navajo Nation for 18 years, writing for Navajo Times, AP, USA Today, Lakota Times and other American Indian publications. After being censored and then terminated by Indian Country Today in 2006, she began the Censored Blog to document the most censored issues. She currently serves as human rights editor for the U.N. OBSERVER & International Report at the Hague and contributor to Sri Lanka Guardian, Narco News and CounterPunch. She was cohost of the 5-month Longest Walk Talk Radio across America, with Earthcycles Producer Govinda Dalton in 2008: www.earthcycles.net/
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